Transitional media vs. normative theories: Schramm, Altschull, and China

Huang, C 2003, 'Transitional media vs. normative theories: Schramm, Altschull, and China', Journal of Communication, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 444-459.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Transitional media vs. normative theories: Schramm, Altschull, and China
Author(s) Huang, C
Year 2003
Journal name Journal of Communication
Volume number 53
Issue number 3
Start page 444
End page 459
Total pages 16
Publisher Oxford University Press
Abstract Wilbur Schramm's "Soviet" communist model and J. Herbert Altschull's "Marxist" approach have been widely used as general theoretical frameworks to examine press systems in the Marxist world in general and China in particular. Though a growing literature suggested significant changes in Chinese journalism in the past 2 decades, very few studies have sent a direct challenge to the 2 models' theoretical wisdom through the Chinese case. This article finds neither of the 2 models is sufficient in conceptualizing the Chinese case because of Chinese news media's transitional nature and the 2 models' inner theoretical flaws as normative press theories. Furthermore, realizing the growing conflict between normative media theories and accelerated post-Cold War global media transformation, the author suggests using a transitional media approach to revisit the traditional normative media approach and calls for a more systematic study of the transitional phenomenon of global media systems.
Subject Communication and Media Studies not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) communication
conceptual framework
media role
DOI - identifier 10.1093/joc/53.3.444
ISSN 0021-9916
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