Determination of thalidomide in transport buffer for Caco-2 cell monolayers by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection

Zhou, S, LI, Y, Kestell, P and Paxton, J 2003, 'Determination of thalidomide in transport buffer for Caco-2 cell monolayers by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection', Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, vol. 785, no. 1, pp. 165-173.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Determination of thalidomide in transport buffer for Caco-2 cell monolayers by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection
Author(s) Zhou, S
LI, Y
Kestell, P
Paxton, J
Year 2003
Journal name Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume number 785
Issue number 1
Start page 165
End page 173
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract We report simple validated HPLC methods for the determination of thalidomide in the transport buffer for the human colonic cell line (Caco-2) cell monolayers. An aliquot of 50 μl of the mixture was injected onto a Spherex C18 column (150×4.6 mm; 5 μm) at a flow-rate of 0.5 ml/min of mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-10 mM ammonium acetate buffer (24:76, v/v, pH 5.5), and thalidomide was detected by ultraviolet detector at a wavelength of 220 nm. Calibration curves for thalidomide were constructed at the concentration range of 0.025-1.0 and 1.0-50 μM in transport buffer. The validated methods were used to determine the transport of thalidomide by Caco-2 monolayers. The transport across the monolayers from the apical (A) to basolateral (B) side was similar to that from B to A side. The apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) values of thalidomide at 10-300 μM from the A to B and from B to A side was 2-6×10-5 cm/s, with a marked decrease in Papp values from A to B side at increased thalidomide concentration. The A to B transport appears to be dependent on temperature and sodium ion. Sodium azide, 2,4-dinitrophenol (both ATP inhibitors), 5-fluorouracil, cytidine and glutamic acid significantly inhibited the transport of thalidomide. These results indicate that the transport of thalidomide by Caco-2 monolayers was rapid, which might involve an energy-dependent mechanism.
Subject Basic Pharmacology
Keyword(s) article
calibration
cell strain CACO 2
controlled study
drug determination
drug transport
flow rate
high performance liquid chromatography
human
human cell
permeability
priority journal
radiation detection
radiation detector
temperature
DOI - identifier 10.1016/S1570-0232(02)00911-X
Copyright notice © Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1570-0232
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