Use of in vitro critical inhibitory concentration, a novel approach to predict in vivo synergistic bactericidal effect of combined amikacin and piperacillin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a systemic rat infection model

Chan, E, Zhou, S, Srikumar, S and Duan, W 2006, 'Use of in vitro critical inhibitory concentration, a novel approach to predict in vivo synergistic bactericidal effect of combined amikacin and piperacillin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a systemic rat infection model', Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 729-741.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Use of in vitro critical inhibitory concentration, a novel approach to predict in vivo synergistic bactericidal effect of combined amikacin and piperacillin against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a systemic rat infection model
Author(s) Chan, E
Zhou, S
Srikumar, S
Duan, W
Year 2006
Journal name Pharmaceutical Research
Volume number 23
Issue number 4
Start page 729
End page 741
Total pages 13
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Abstract Purpose This study was undertaken to explore the use of in vitro critical inhibitory concentration (CIC) as a surrogate marker relating the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters to in vivo bactericidal synergistic effect [pharmacodynamic (PD)] of amikacin + piperacillin combination against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a systemic rat infection model. Methods The in vitro antibacterial activities of amikacin and piperacillin, alone and in combinations at various ratios of the concentrations, were tested against a standard [5 × 105 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml] and a large (1.5 × 108 CFU/ml) inoculum of P. aeruginosa ATCC 9027 using a modified survival-time method. The CIC of each individual antibiotic for the different combinations was determined using a cup-plate method. In vivo studies were performed on Sprague-Dawley rats using a systemic model of infection with P. aeruginosa ATCC 9027. PK profiles and in vivo killing effects of the combination at different dosing ratios were studied. Results An inoculum effect was observed with the antibiotics studied. Synergy was seen against both the inocula at the following concentration ratios: 70% Cami + 30% Cpip and 75% Cami + 25% Cpip, where Cami and Cpip are the concentrations of amikacin and piperacillin to produce a 1000-fold decrease in bacterial population over 5 h, respectively. The CIC values determined corroborated with the order of in vitro bacterial killing observed for the antibiotic combinations. The dosing ratio of 12.6 mg/kg amikacin + 36 mg/kg piperacillin (a 70:30 ratio of the individual doses) exhibited the greatest killing in vivo when compared to the other ratios. The PK–PD relationships were described by simple, linear regression equations using the area under the in vivo killing curve as a PD marker and the AUCICami/CICami + AUCICpip/CICpip, AUCami/CICami + AUCpip/CICpip, Cmax,ami/CICami + Cmax,pip/CICpip, and AUCICami/MICami + AUCICpip/MICpip as PK markers for the amikacin + piperacillin combination. Conclusion The combination of amikacin and piperacillin exhibited synergistic killing effect on P. aeruginosa that could be modeled using CIC as a surrogate marker relating the PK parameters to in vivo bactericidal effect.
Subject Basic Pharmacology
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s11095-006-9783-x
ISSN 0724-8741
Versions
Version Filter Type
Altmetric details:
Access Statistics: 151 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 06 Dec 2010, 14:11:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us