"Active" and "passive" resettlement: The influence of support services and refugees' own resources on resettlement style

Colic-Peisker, V and Tilbury, F 2003, '"Active" and "passive" resettlement: The influence of support services and refugees' own resources on resettlement style', International Migration, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 61-92.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title "Active" and "passive" resettlement: The influence of support services and refugees' own resources on resettlement style
Author(s) Colic-Peisker, V
Tilbury, F
Year 2003
Journal name International Migration
Volume number 41
Issue number 5
Start page 61
End page 92
Total pages 32
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Abstract This paper explores the process of resettlement among recent refugees in Perth, Western Australia. We propose four refugee resettlement styles created through the interaction of a number of factors. These factors can be clustered as: (1) the social features of refugees (their human, social, and cultural capital), and (2) the host society's responses to refugee settlers (Australia's resettlement policy and services and the broader influence of the host society's responses to refugees). We propose that refugees approach their resettlement in predominantly active ("achievers" and "consumers") or passive ("endurers" and "victims") ways and that these are differentially successful strategies. Medicalization of the refugee experience in Australia is a factor that may influence refugees to adopt a passive "victim role", so we propose that a greater emphasis during early resettlement should be placed on refugees' own culturally defined priorities such as employment and stable housing. The argument developed in this paper is supported by data from two qualitative research projects conducted in Western Australia. The fieldwork consisted of interviews, focus groups, and participant observation, and targeted refugees from the former Yugoslavia and the Horn of Africa who arrived in Australia during the 1990s and 2000s, as well as resettlement service providers.
Keyword(s) immigrant population
migrants experience
refugee
resettlement policy
DOI - identifier 10.1111/j.0020-7985.2003.00261.x
ISSN 0020-7985
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