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The effects of in vitro pesticide exposures on the phagocytic function of four native Australian freshwater fish

Harford, A, O'Halloran, K and Wright, P 2005, 'The effects of in vitro pesticide exposures on the phagocytic function of four native Australian freshwater fish', Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 75, pp. 330-342.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title The effects of in vitro pesticide exposures on the phagocytic function of four native Australian freshwater fish
Author(s) Harford, A
O'Halloran, K
Wright, P
Year 2005
Journal name Aquatic Toxicology
Volume number 75
Start page 330
End page 342
Total pages 12
Publisher Elsevier Science
Abstract There are limited data concerning the lethal and sublethal effects of environmental pollutants on Australian freshwater fish and consequently many of the Australian water quality guidelines are based on data from exotic fish species. This study used a flow cytometric assay to assess the effect of in vitro exposures to commonly used pesticides, on the phagocytic function and cellular composition of head kidney cells from four Australian native fish, i.e. crimson-spotted rainbowfish (Melanotaenia fluviatilis), silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus), golden perch (Macquaria ambigua) and Murray cod (Maccullochella peelii). Head kidney immune cells were isolated from the four native fish and incubated (1 x 10(6) cells/mL) under previously optimised conditions to measure the phagocytosis of fluorescent-latex beads. These cell cultures were exposed to three classes of pesticides, i.e. the organotins, tributyltin and dibutyltin, the organochlorine endosulfan and the organophosphate chlorpyrifos. The in vitro organotin exposures were highly immunotoxic to head kidney cells from the Australian fish, although there were some differences in immunotoxic responses between species. At the highest concentration (i.e. 10 mg/L), endosulfan exposure resulted in the modulation of phagocytic responses in all species except for silver perch. Chlorpyrifos displayed little immunotoxicity, although there was a dose-dependent reduction in Murray cod lymphocytes. These studies describe the first investigation of the phagocytic response of Australian freshwater fish immunocytes in the presence of environmental pollutants, and will help to determine appropriate ecotoxicity testing for Australian freshwater environments.
Subject Toxicology (incl. Clinical Toxicology)
Copyright notice Copyright © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
ISSN 0166-445x
 
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