Characterisation of two distinctly different processes associated with the electrocrystallization of microcrystals of phase i CuTCNQ (TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane)

Harris, A, Neufeld, A, O'Mullane, A and Bond, A 2006, 'Characterisation of two distinctly different processes associated with the electrocrystallization of microcrystals of phase i CuTCNQ (TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane)', Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 16, no. 45, pp. 4397-4406.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Characterisation of two distinctly different processes associated with the electrocrystallization of microcrystals of phase i CuTCNQ (TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane)
Author(s) Harris, A
Neufeld, A
O'Mullane, A
Bond, A
Year 2006
Journal name Journal of Materials Chemistry
Volume number 16
Issue number 45
Start page 4397
End page 4406
Total pages 10
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Abstract Semi-conducting phase I CuTCNQ (TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane), which is of considerable interest as a switching device for memory storage materials, can be electrocrystallized from CH3CN via two distinctly different pathways when TCNQ is reduced to TCNQ- in the presence of [Cu(MeCN)4]+. The first pathway, identified in earlier studies, occurs at potentials where TCNQ is reduced to TCNQ- and involves a nucleation-growth mechanism at preferred sites on the electrode to produce arrays of well separated large branched needle-shaped phase I CuTCNQ crystals. The second pathway, now identified at more negative potentials, generates much smaller needle-shaped phase I CuTCNQ crystals. These electrocrystallize on parts of the surface not occupied in the initial process and give rise to film-like characteristics. This process is attributed to the reduction of Cu+[(TCNQ-)(TCNQ)] or a stabilised film of TCNQ via a solid-solid conversion process, which also involves ingress of Cu+ via a nucleation-growth mechanism. The CuTCNQ surface area coverage is extensive since it occurs at all areas of the electrode and not just at defect sites that dominate the crystal formation sites for the first pathway. Infrared spectra, X-ray diffraction, surface plasmon resonance, quartz crystal microbalance, scanning electron microscopy and optical image data all confirm that two distinctly different pathways are available to produce the kinetically-favoured and more highly conducting phase I CuTCNQ solid, rather than the phase II material.
Subject Electrochemistry
Copyright notice © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
ISSN 0959-9428
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