HEM calibration and bird-swing correction: An insular example

MacNae, J, Ley-Cooper, A and Davis, A 2008, 'HEM calibration and bird-swing correction: An insular example', SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, vol. 27, pp. 1318-1322.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title HEM calibration and bird-swing correction: An insular example
Author(s) MacNae, J
Ley-Cooper, A
Davis, A
Year 2008
Journal name SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts
Volume number 27
Start page 1318
End page 1322
Total pages 5
Publisher Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Abstract Bird attitudes, with roll, pitch, and yaw angles, are required for modeling the measured electromagnetic response of the earth. Global Positioning System (GPS) antennas can be used in airborne electromagnetic (AEM) systems to monitor airborne platform attitude and bird maneuver. We have found evidence from photographic sequences that four GPS antennas, three on the bird and one on the aircraft, generally are adequate for angular and altitude geometry control. The mounting system for the bird frame introduces vibration noise. We have developed a model that predicts bird maneuver from the use of GPS antennas already present during routine airborne surveys. The bird motion, whether inline or crossline, is modeled from the difference between the aircraft location and the mean location of the bird. This also accurately predicts the roll of the bird when an inline yoke mounting is used. The minimum number of GPS antennas required to monitor the motion of a cylindrical electromagnetic (EM) bird typical of frequency-domain systems is two, one on the aircraft and one on the bird. We have defined optimum locations of GPS antennas to enable geometric monitoring of towed-bird systems. The findings suggest that the bird be mounted with two aerodynamically efficient GPS antennas, one on the nose and one on the tail. This enables the measurement of the pitch and yaw of the bird, with roll deduced using the third GPS on the helicopter.
Subject Surfacewater Hydrology
Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods in Geophysics
Keyword(s) airborne survey
water table
DOI - identifier 10.1190/1.3237143
ISSN 1052-3812
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