Process optimisation for fractionating Jerusalem artichoke fructans with ethanol using response surface methodology

Paseephol, T, Small, D and Sherkat, F 2007, 'Process optimisation for fractionating Jerusalem artichoke fructans with ethanol using response surface methodology', Food Chemistry, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 73-80.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Process optimisation for fractionating Jerusalem artichoke fructans with ethanol using response surface methodology
Author(s) Paseephol, T
Small, D
Sherkat, F
Year 2007
Journal name Food Chemistry
Volume number 104
Issue number 1
Start page 73
End page 80
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Optimal conditions for fructan precipitation from Jerusalem artichoke concentrate by adding ethanol were established by response surface methodology. The combination of the starting syrup concentration (9.9-40 degrees B), ethanol-to-syrup (E/S) ratio (2.3:1-15.7:1) and precipitation temperature (3.1-62 degrees C) was varied at design points of a central composite rotatable design. Significant regression models describing the changes of average chain length, fructan precipitation yield and purity value of fructans were developed with the coefficient of determination greater than 0.8. The results suggested that higher syrup concentration resulted in an increased fructan yield, but further increase in concentration had a reverse effect on average chain length and purity values. The optimum conditions for fractionating fructan composition by ethanol were estimated to be 32 degrees B initial syrup concentration, E/S ratio of 13 and temperature of 42 degrees C.
Subject Food Processing
Keyword(s) Fructans
Jerusalem artichoke
Ethanol precipitation
Response surface methodology
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.10.078
Copyright notice Copyright © 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 0308-8146
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