Environmental and economic assessment of urban water services for a greenfield development

Sharma, A, Grant, A, Grant, T, Opray, L and Pamminger, F 2009, 'Environmental and economic assessment of urban water services for a greenfield development', Environmental Engineering Science, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 921-934.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Environmental and economic assessment of urban water services for a greenfield development
Author(s) Sharma, A
Grant, A
Grant, T
Opray, L
Pamminger, F
Year 2009
Journal name Environmental Engineering Science
Volume number 26
Issue number 5
Start page 921
End page 934
Total pages 14
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers
Abstract Increasing needs for new urban water infrastructure are very difficult to meet within existing environmental constraints. New ways must be found to deliver these services with lower water demand, greenhouse gas emissions, and discharge of nutrients. Alternative means of water servicing are being considered for long-term ecological sustainability. An environmental and economic assessment framework combined with various analysis tools like water balance, life-cycle costing, and life-cycle assessment (LCA) is presented in this paper to evaluate a range of alternative water servicing scenarios. LCA has the potential to evaluate development and associated service provision impacts on the environment in the long term, locally and globally. Application of this framework and analysis approaches was demonstrated on a 3062 hectare greenfield development for 86,000 residents near Melbourne.
Subject Natural Resource Management
Keyword(s) Community cost
Eutrophication
Life-cycle assessment
Life-cycle costing
Reclaimed water
Reliability
Sustainability
Wastewater
Water balance
DOI - identifier 10.1089/ees.2008.0063
Copyright notice © 2009 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc..
ISSN 1092-8758
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