Modelling the thermal response of composites in fire

Mouritz, A and Gibson, A 2006, 'Modelling the thermal response of composites in fire' in A Mouritz and A Gibson (ed.) Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials, Springer, The Netherlands, pp. 133-161.

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Book Chapters

Title Modelling the thermal response of composites in fire
Author(s) Mouritz, A
Gibson, A
Year 2006
Title of book Fire Properties of Polymer Composite Materials
Publisher Springer
Place of publication The Netherlands
Editor(s) A Mouritz and A Gibson
Start page 133
End page 161
Subjects Aerospace Materials
Summary The thermal decomposition of fibre reinforced polymer composites in fire is a complex topic that involves the combined effects of thermal, chemical and physical processes. The thermal processes include heat conduction from the fire through the composite; heat generated or absorbed from the decomposition reactions of the polymer matrix, organic fibres and core material; heat generated by the ignition of flammable reaction gases; and convective heat loss from the egress of hot reaction gases and moisture vapours from the composite into the fire. The chemical processes include thermal softening, melting, pyrolysis and volatilisation of the polymer matrix, organic fibres and core material together with the formation, growth and oxidation of char. The physical processes can involve thermal expansion and contraction, internal pressure build-up due to the formation of volatile gases and vaporisation of moisture; thermally-induced strains; delamination damage; matrix cracking; surface ablation; and softening, melting and fusion of fibres. Many of these processes do not occur in isolation from each other, but usually influence other processes that add to the complexity of the behaviour of composites in fire. Understanding these processes and how they interact is essential to understanding the fire reaction and fire resistive properties of composite materials.
Copyright notice Copyright 2006 Springer
Keyword(s) properties
DOI - identifier 10.1007/978-1-4020-5356-6_5
ISBN 140205355X
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