'Shelter-in-place' versus evacuation in flash floods

Haynes, K, Coates, L, Leigh, R, Handmer, J, Whittaker, J, Gissing, A, McAneney, J and Opper, S 2009, ''Shelter-in-place' versus evacuation in flash floods', Environmental Hazards, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 291-303.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title 'Shelter-in-place' versus evacuation in flash floods
Author(s) Haynes, K
Coates, L
Leigh, R
Handmer, J
Whittaker, J
Gissing, A
McAneney, J
Opper, S
Year 2009
Journal name Environmental Hazards
Volume number 8
Issue number 4
Start page 291
End page 303
Total pages 13
Publisher Earthscan
Abstract This paper examines the circumstances in which a `shelter-in-place' strategy may be a viable alternative to evacuation during flash floods. While evacuation remains the dominant strategy for a range of hazards, a review of the literature suggests growing awareness of the dangers associated with late evacuations and some limited consideration of shelter-in-place options. This study examines the feasibility of a shelter-in-place strategy for flash floods in Australia through: a review of literatures on evacuation, `sheltering-in-place' and flood fatalities; an analysis of Australian flash flood fatalities and injuries; and interviews with flood and emergency managers. The results demonstrate that the majority of flash flood fatalities (75.7 per cent) have occurred outside when people have entered flood waters in a vehicle or on foot for a range of reasons, including to continue their intended travel, engage in recreational pursuits, continue their work, and evacuate or carry out a rescue. Interviews with emergency managers confirm that while shelter-in-place may not be the preferred option, the strategy may need to be implemented for flash floods when, due to the limited warning times, evacuation is not possible.
Subject Human Geography not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) flash floods
flood fatalities
flood safety
DOI - identifier 10.3763/ehaz.2009.0022
Copyright notice (C) 2009 Earthscan
ISSN 17477891
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