Natural product studies of terrestrial and marine organisms

Dias, D 2009, Natural product studies of terrestrial and marine organisms, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Applied Sciences, RMIT University.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title Natural product studies of terrestrial and marine organisms
Author(s) Dias, D
Year 2009
Abstract This thesis describes the isolation and structure elucidation of ten novel secondary metabolites from one fungus (Pycnoporus cinnabarinus), four lichens (Chrysothrix xanthina, Candelaria concolor, Ramalina glaucescens and Xanthoria parietina), three algae (Plocamium mertensii, Laurencia filiformis and Laurencia elata), two plants (Haemodorum simplex and Dianella callicarpa) and one sponge (Dactylospongia sp). The structures of these isolated compounds were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic and chemical methods. This thesis also reports two new crystal structures, the identification of two new methylsilylated derivatives as well as the isolation of thirty seven previously reported compounds in which the complete structural assignment by one and two dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) has been carried out on known compounds with incomplete or no N MR spectroscopic data. Furthermore, detailed spectroscopic analyses resulted in the reassignment of 1H and 13C chemical shifts for several previously isolated natural products. The biological screening (antimicrobial, antiviral and antitumor assays) of crude extracts and isolated natural products has also been presented. The application of chemical profiling techniques including GCxGC and high pressure liquid chromatography-nuclear magnetic resonance (HPLC-NMR) were utilised to assist with the natural product dereplication process (chemical profiling), monitor chemical degradations in situ and to identify the presence of new natural products and artefacts. In total, fifteen separate terrestrial and marine organisms were investigated.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Applied Sciences
Keyword(s) Natural products -- Analysis
Marine natural products -- Analysis
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Created: Thu, 27 Jan 2011, 08:52:25 EST
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