Characterising evoked potential signals using wavelet transform singularity detection

McCooey, C 2007, Characterising evoked potential signals using wavelet transform singularity detection, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University.

Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title Characterising evoked potential signals using wavelet transform singularity detection
Author(s) McCooey, C
Year 2007
Abstract This research set out to develop a novel technique to decompose Electroencephalograph (EEG) signal into sets of constituent peaks in order to better describe the underlying nature of these signals. It began with the question; can a localised, single stimulation of sensory nervous tissue in the body be detected in the brain? Flash Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) tests were carried out on 3 participants by presenting a flash and recording the response in the occipital region of the cortex. By focussing on analysis techniques that retain a perspective across different domains - temporal (time), spectral (frequency/scale) and epoch (multiple events) - useful information was detected across multiple domains, which is not possible in single domain transform techniques. A comprehensive set of algorithms to decompose evoked potential data into sets of peaks was developed and test ed using wavelet transform singularity detection methods. The set of extracted peaks then forms the basis for a subsequent clustering analysis which identifies sets of localised peaks that contribute the most towards the standard evoked response. The technique is quite novel as no closely similar work in research has been identified. New and valuable insights into the nature of an evoked potential signal have been identified. Although the number of stimuli required to calculate an Evoked Potential response has not been reduced, the amount of data contributing to this response has been effectively reduced by 75%. Therefore better examination of a small subset of the evoked potential data is possible. Furthermore, the response has been meaningfully decomposed into a small number (circa 20) of constituent peaksets that are defined in terms of the peak shape (time location, peak width and peak height) and number of peaks within the peak set. The question of why some evoked potential components appear mor e strongly than others is probed by this technique. Delineation between individual peak sizes and how often they occur is for the first time possible and this representation helps to provide an understanding of how particular evoked potentials components are made up. A major advantage of this techniques is the there are no pre-conditions, constraints or limitations. These techniques are highly relevant to all evoked potential modalities and other brain signal response applications - such as in brain-computer interface applications. Overall, a novel evoked potential technique has been described and tested. The results provide new insights into the nature of evoked potential peaks with potential application across various evoked potential modalities.
Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Electrical and Computer Engineering
Keyword(s) Evoked potentials (Electrophysiology)
Neural conduction--Measurement
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Created: Wed, 16 Feb 2011, 16:32:11 EST
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