An ontology? Based representation and reasoning framework for supporting job hazard analysis

Wang, H and Boukamp, F 2011, 'An ontology? Based representation and reasoning framework for supporting job hazard analysis', ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, vol. Online, pp. 1-57.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title An ontology? Based representation and reasoning framework for supporting job hazard analysis
Author(s) Wang, H
Boukamp, F
Year 2011
Journal name ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering
Volume number Online
Start page 1
End page 57
Total pages 57
Publisher American Society of Civil Engineers
Abstract Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a process of identifying potential hazards for each step of an activity and proposing safety rules to prevent potential incidents related to these hazards. In the US, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommends performing JHA for construction activities to highlight and react to potential hazards. JHA commonly requires having brainstorming sessions to identify steps and associated hazards within construction activities. A company's personnel involved in JHAs relies on their experience - and often also on the company's internal knowledge represented in the form of safety rules. However, the complexity and time consuming nature of JHA prevent safety personnel from adjusting JHAs quickly when changes in the construction methods and the schedule are made. This paper presents a framework aiming to improve access to a company's JHA knowledge. The framework uses ontologies for structuring knowledge about activities, job steps and hazards. It also includes an ontological reasoning mechanism for identifying safety rules applicable to given activities. The framework has been validated through several test cases using real JHA documents. The results of the validations are discussed in this paper and conclusions for future research are drawn.
Subject Building Construction Management and Project Planning
Decision Support and Group Support Systems
Information Retrieval and Web Search
Keyword(s) Ontology
Construction Management
Safety
Job Hazard Analysis
OSHA
DOI - identifier 10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000125
Copyright notice © 2011 ASCE
ISSN 0887-3801
Versions
Version Filter Type
Altmetric details:
Access Statistics: 241 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 27 Jan 2012, 11:34:00 EST by Catalyst Administrator
© 2014 RMIT Research Repository • Powered by Fez SoftwareContact us