Benchmarking international road policing in low to middle-income countries

Shuey, R 2013, Benchmarking international road policing in low to middle-income countries, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Global, Urban and Social Studies, RMIT University.


Document type: Thesis
Collection: Theses

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Title Benchmarking international road policing in low to middle-income countries
Author(s) Shuey, R
Year 2013
Abstract Globally, road fatalities claim 1.3 million lives annually with an additional 20 to 50 million people seriously injured. Over 90% of these deaths occur in low to middle-income countries where road policing and traffic law enforcement strategies and education have generally been given low priority by governments and policing authorities. The United Nations, ‘Decade of Action’ 2011 aims to reduce this trauma by 50% by 2020, with an integrated strategy including impacting upon road user behaviours. This thesis examines the challenges facing road policing and law enforcement internationally and demonstrates that road safety in low to middle-income countries is under-resourced and poorly funded with an inability to provide strategic interventions for road trauma reduction. There is no audit, benchmark or road safety index to guide development. A critical gap is identified when comparing these countries to good practice road policing organisations. The research draws together the themes identified in the literature, interviews with ten road safety experts, a survey of 216 practitioners from ten countries and participant observation by the author in low to middle-income countries over six years to provide the policy framework for a universal benchmarking and assessment solution to assist those countries in their law enforcement programs.

This research by project has drawn together a concept similar to that developed in the vehicle classification ‘New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) and the ‘International Road Assessment Program’ (iRAP). It has classified and benchmarked road policing and traffic law enforcement to identify index ratings of good practice. These are presented in the companion ‘International Road Policing Assessment Program’ (IRPAP), designed for use in improving police performance. It is highly relevant to policing in low to middle-income countries, and has a particular focus on those aspects or programs that can provide sustainable results. The manual serves as a ‘toolkit’ for traffic law enforcement and road safety professionals in that it can be used to evaluate discrete areas or whole-of-country performance, and it clearly sets out the steps required to work towards good practice in this field. The themes identified for benchmarking performance are; the quality of data and analysis for evidence-based policing, the community relationship, the road policing support infrastructure, the professionalism of the traffic police and the operational capability. These defined assessable elements within the manual are banded together into ‘star-rating’ categories with upgrade pathways to higher ratings. This provides a practical and innovative self-assessment structure to measure road policing standards against good practice with graduated pathways to enable continuous improvement, particularly in low to middle-income countries.

Degree Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Institution RMIT University
School, Department or Centre Global, Urban and Social Studies
Keyword(s) Benchmarking
road policing
police
traffice law enforcement
star-rating
low to middle-income countries
good practice
self assessment
standards
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Created: Fri, 18 Jul 2014, 10:26:02 EST by Denise Paciocco
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