Capital structure decision making: A model for family business

Romano, C, Tanewski, G and Smyrnios, K 2001, 'Capital structure decision making: A model for family business', Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 285-310.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Capital structure decision making: A model for family business
Author(s) Romano, C
Tanewski, G
Smyrnios, K
Year 2001
Journal name Journal of Business Venturing
Volume number 16
Issue number 3
Start page 285
End page 310
Total pages 26
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Most theoretical and empirical studies of capital structure focus on public corporations. Only a limited number of studies on capital structure have been conducted on small-to-medium size enterprises (SMEs), and this deficiency is particularly evident in investigations into factors that influence funding decisions of family business owners. Theory indicates that there is a complex array of factors that influence SME owner-managers' financing decisions. Recent family business literature suggests that these processes are influenced by firm owners' attitudes toward the utility of debt as a form of funding as moderated by external environmental conditions (e.g., financial and market considerations). A number of other factors have been shown to influence financing decisions including culture; entrepreneurial characteristics; entrepreneurs' prior experiences in capital structure; business goals; business life-cycle issues; preferred ownership structures; views regarding control, debt-equity ratios, and short- vs. long-term debt; age and size of the firm; sources of funding for growth; attitudes toward debt financing; issues relating to independence and control; and perceived risk and attitudes toward personal risk. Although these factors have been identified, until now there does not appear to have been any attempts to develop empirically-based models that show relationships between these factors and family business owners' financing decisions. Utilizing theories derived from divergent disciplines, this study develops an empirically tested structural equation model of financing antecedents of family businesses. Participants of our study involved a random sample of 5000 business owners who were mailed a 250-item Australian Family and Private Business questionnaire developed specifically for this investigation.
Subject Entrepreneurship
Copyright notice Copyright © 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0883-9026
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