Associations between helmet use and brain injuries amongst injured pedal- and motor-cyclists: A case series analysis of trauma centre presentations

McIntosh, A, Curtis, K, Rankin, T, Cox, M, Pang, T, McCrory, P and Finch, C 2013, 'Associations between helmet use and brain injuries amongst injured pedal- and motor-cyclists: A case series analysis of trauma centre presentations', Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 11-20.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Associations between helmet use and brain injuries amongst injured pedal- and motor-cyclists: A case series analysis of trauma centre presentations
Author(s) McIntosh, A
Curtis, K
Rankin, T
Cox, M
Pang, T
McCrory, P
Finch, C
Year 2013
Journal name Journal of the Australasian College of Road Safety
Volume number 24
Issue number 2
Start page 11
End page 20
Total pages 10
Publisher Australasian College of Road Safety
Abstract A retrospective case-series study of pedal- and motorcyclists presenting to a major metropolitan trauma centre over an 18 month period was undertaken. The injury data were coded according to a number of outcome variables, including intracranial injury of AIS severity ≥ 2. Helmet use was coded. After stratification by rider type, data were analysed to examine the relationships between helmet use and injury using logistic regression. A total of 220 injured motorcycle riders and 137 injured pedal cyclists met the study’s inclusion criteria, with 195 motorcycle riders and passengers (88.6%) and 87 pedal cyclists (63.5%) wearing helmets. Helmets were associated with a significant reduction (p<0.05) in the likelihood of head and intracranial injury in both rider groups. Associated with helmet use was a reduction in intracranial injury likelihood of 66% for both helmeted motorcycle riders and pedal cyclists. The study is further evidence of the benefits offered by helmets.
Subject Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Bicycles
Brain Injury
Helmets
Motorcycles
Copyright notice © 2013 Australasian College of Road Safety
ISSN 1832-9497
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