Bucephalidae (Platyhelminthes: Digenea) of plectropomus (Serranidae: Epinephelinae) in the tropical Pacific

Bott, N, Miller, T and Cribb, T 2013, 'Bucephalidae (Platyhelminthes: Digenea) of plectropomus (Serranidae: Epinephelinae) in the tropical Pacific', Parasitology Research, vol. 112, pp. 2561-2584.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Bucephalidae (Platyhelminthes: Digenea) of plectropomus (Serranidae: Epinephelinae) in the tropical Pacific
Author(s) Bott, N
Miller, T
Cribb, T
Year 2013
Journal name Parasitology Research
Volume number 112
Start page 2561
End page 2584
Total pages 24
Publisher Springer
Abstract We examined four species of Plectropomus Oken, 1817 (Serranidae: Epinephelinae), Plectropomus areolatus (Rüppell), Plectropomus laevis (Lacepède), Plectropomus leopardus (Lacepède) and Plectropomus maculatus (Bloch) from sites off Heron Island and Lizard Island on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia (GBR), and the Gambier Islands, French Polynesia. Three new species of Neidhartia Nagaty, 1937, five new species of Prosorhynchus Odhner, 1905, and one previously described species, Prosorhynchus freitasi Nagaty, 1937, are characterised. The three species of Neidhartia, Neidhartia haywardi n. sp., Neidhartia plectropomi n. sp. and Neidhartia tyleri n. sp. are readily distinguishable morphologically. Two of the six species of Prosorhynchus (Prosorhynchus lesteri n. sp. and Prosorhynchus wrightae n. sp.) are easily distinguished from their other congeners by morphology but the other four species (P. freitasi, Prosorhynchus heronensis n. sp., Prosorhynchus munozae n. sp. and Prosorhynchus plectropomi n. sp.) are generally similar in morphology and were only distinguished initially by comparing their ITS2 rRNA sequences. Three additional taxa, one from the GBR and two from French Polynesia, were recognised as distinct on the basis that their ITS2 rRNA sequences differed from those of the new taxa described here; these species remain unnamed for the present. Inter-specific divergence observed within these genera in the ITS2 rRNA ranged from 10 to 42 base pairs (4–16 %) for species of Neidhartia and 2–57 base pairs (3–21 %) for species of Prosorhynchus. Inter-generic divergences were 42–55 base pairs (17–21 %). No intraspecific variation in the ITS2 rRNA region was observed for any of the six species for which multiple sequence replicates were obtained. Phylogenetic analysis of 12 operational taxa from Plectropomus together with sequences of three other species from epinepheline serranids demonstrated that Neidhartia and Prosorhynchus were reciprocally monophyletic with the exception that P. wrightae n. sp. fell either within or basal to the Neidhartia species. The richness of bucephalids in species of Plectropomus appears to be exceptional within the Serranidae relative to that observed in other serranid genera in the tropical Indo-West Pacific.
Subject Invertebrate Biology
Host-Parasite Interactions
Animal Systematics and Taxonomy
Keyword(s) animal tissue
article
Australia
base pairing
Bucephalus polymorphus
controlled study
Dollfustrema hefeiensis
Dollfustrema vaneyi
fish
French Polynesia
monophyly
Neidhartia haywardi
Neidhartia plectropomi
Neidhartia tyleri
new species
nonhuman
nucleotide sequence
phylogeny
platyhelminth
Plectropomus areolatus
Plectropomus laevis
Plectropomus leopardus
Plectropomus maculatus
priority journal
Prosorhynchus conorjonesi
Prosorhynchus freitasi
Prosorhynchus heronensis
Prosorhynchus jexi
Prosorhynchus lesteri
Prosorhynchus munozae
Prosorhynchus plectropomi
Prosorhynchus robertsthomsoni
Prosorhynchus wrightae
RNA sequence
species differentiation
species richness
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s00436-013-3423-2
Copyright notice © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
ISSN 0932-0113
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