Airbags

Nayak, R, Padhye, R, Kanesalingam, S, Arnold, L and Behera, B 2013, 'Airbags', Textile Progress, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 209-301.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Airbags
Author(s) Nayak, R
Padhye, R
Kanesalingam, S
Arnold, L
Behera, B
Year 2013
Journal name Textile Progress
Volume number 45
Issue number 4
Start page 209
End page 301
Total pages 93
Publisher Routledge
Abstract In recent years, safety systems such as seat belts and airbags have been one of the fast-growing sectors within the automotive industry. Seat belts and airbags have made driving substantially safer since their introduction. Airbags are safety systems used to cushion the driver or passenger during a collision and reduce bodily injuries. The technology involved in the manufacturing and working of airbags is complex. Since the early stages of development, airbag technology has been undergoing continual evolution in terms of design, materials and performance. Airbags are typically made from woven fabric, which may be coated or uncoated but must be impermeable to gases and flame resistant. In terms of their operation, modern airbags are smart restraint systems, which can tailor the deployment of the airbag according to the crash severity, body size of the occupant and proximity of the occupant to the airbag system prior to deployment. The future of airbags is extremely promising because there are many diverse applications ranging from motorcycle helmets to aircraft seating. In this article, an outline is given of the historical development of airbags and their value in saving lives is illustrated by supporting statistical data. The essential parameters required for airbag yarn and fabric components are discussed in detail. In addition, the processes involved in the manufacture, assembly and testing of airbag systems are explained. The mechanisms and chemical reactions involved in the deployment of different types of airbags are also discussed, and recent developments in airbag design and their possible future applications are reported.
Subject Textile Technology
Keyword(s) Airbag
seat belt
automotive textiles
safety
restraint system
DOI - identifier 10.1080/00405167.2013.859435
Copyright notice © 2014 The Textile Institute.
ISSN 1754-2278
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