A greenhouse gas assessment of a stadium in Australia

Hedayati, M, Iyer-Raniga, U and Crossin, E 2014, 'A greenhouse gas assessment of a stadium in Australia', Building Research and Information, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 602-615.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title A greenhouse gas assessment of a stadium in Australia
Author(s) Hedayati, M
Iyer-Raniga, U
Crossin, E
Year 2014
Journal name Building Research and Information
Volume number 42
Issue number 5
Start page 602
End page 615
Total pages 14
Publisher Routledge
Abstract A greenhouse gas (GHG) life cycle assessment (LCA) was performed on a stadium used for sporting events in a subtropical region in Australia. Inventories for the construction and operation of a stadium are presented and the GHG emissions from construction, operations and end-of-life waste management are assessed against the attendance of one person at one event. The inclusion of additional economic activities, patron travel, LCA methodology, attendance and stadium life-time assumptions are likely to affect the overall magnitude of the GHG emissions of one person's attendance. The assessment shows that the stadium operation accounted for 72.5% of GHG emissions, with the operation of baseload heating, ventilation and cooling, lighting and refrigeration systems dominating. The best opportunity to reduce GHG emissions is to reduce the need for the continual operation of these systems. Construction impacts account for 24.7% of impacts, while replacement materials, end-of-life management of materials are relatively insignificant, contributing to less than 3% of life cycle GHG emissions.
Subject Building Construction Management and Project Planning
Urban Design
Keyword(s) embodied CO2
environmental impact assessment
greenhouse gas emissions
life cycle assessment
sporting events
stadium
DOI - identifier 10.1080/09613218.2014.896141
Copyright notice © 2014 Taylor and Francis
ISSN 0961-3218
Additional Notes This is an Author's Original Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Building Research and Information on 14 Apr 2014, available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2014.896141.
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