Apoptosis and beyond: cytometry in studies of programmed cell death

Wlodkowic, D, Telford, W, Skommer, J and Darzynkiewicz, Z 2011, 'Apoptosis and beyond: cytometry in studies of programmed cell death', Methods in Cell Biology, vol. 103, pp. 55-98.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Apoptosis and beyond: cytometry in studies of programmed cell death
Author(s) Wlodkowic, D
Telford, W
Skommer, J
Darzynkiewicz, Z
Year 2011
Journal name Methods in Cell Biology
Volume number 103
Start page 55
End page 98
Total pages 44
Publisher Academic Press
Abstract A cell undergoing apoptosis demonstrates multitude of characteristic morphological and biochemical features, which vary depending on the inducer of apoptosis, cell type and the "time window" at which the process of apoptosis is observed. Because the gross majority of apoptotic hallmarks can be revealed by flow and image cytometry, the cytometric methods become a technology of choice in diverse studies of cellular demise. Variety of cytometric methods designed to identify apoptotic cells, detect particular events of apoptosis and probe mechanisms associated with this mode of cell death have been developed during the past two decades. In the present review, we outline commonly used methods that are based on the assessment of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, activation of caspases, DNA fragmentation, and plasma membrane alterations. We also present novel developments in the field such as the use of cyanine SYTO and TO-PRO family of probes. Strategies of selecting the optimal multiparameter approaches, as well as potential difficulties in the experimental procedures, are thoroughly summarized.
Subject Analytical Chemistry not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Apoptosis
Light scattering
Necrobiology
Necrosis
Programmed cell death
Senescence
DOI - identifier 10.1016/B978-0-12-385493-3.00004-8
Copyright notice © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN 0091-679X
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