A pilot study of the water quality of the Yarra River, Victoria, Australia, using in vitro techniques

Allinson, M, Shiraishi, F, Kamata, R, Kageyama, S, Nakajima, D, Goto, S and Allinson, G 2011, 'A pilot study of the water quality of the Yarra River, Victoria, Australia, using in vitro techniques', Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 591-596.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A pilot study of the water quality of the Yarra River, Victoria, Australia, using in vitro techniques
Author(s) Allinson, M
Shiraishi, F
Kamata, R
Kageyama, S
Nakajima, D
Goto, S
Allinson, G
Year 2011
Journal name Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Volume number 87
Issue number 5
Start page 591
End page 596
Total pages 6
Publisher Springer
Abstract A pilot study was initiated to provide the first information on the recombinant receptor-reporter gene bioassay (hormonal) activity of freshwaters in Victoria. The project involved the collection of water samples from six stations on the main stem of the Yarra River in and upstream of the city of Melbourne, Australia in April 2008 and April 2009. Samples were prepared for measurement of sample toxicity using a modified photobacterium test, genotoxicity using a high-throughput luminescent umu test method, and human and medaka estrogen receptor (hERa and medERa), retinoic acid receptor (RAR), aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and thyroid receptor (TR) assay activity using the relevant yeast-based bioassays. Most samples were only weakly or moderately toxic, with no relationship observed to location along the river. The data for 2008 suggests that at that time the Yarra River samples contained few compounds that were, in and of themselves, genotoxic. No estrogenic or thyroid, and <1 ng/L retinoic acid receptor activity was observed. AhR activity increased with progressed downstream. AhR activity was higher in April 2009 than at the same time in 2008, perhaps as a result of extensive bush fires in the catchment in the months immediately prior to sampling. About 24% of the total AhR activity observed was associated with suspended solids
Subject Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified
Analytical Chemistry not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Australia
High-throughput luminescent umu test
Recombinant receptor-reporter gene bioassay
Yarra River
DOI - identifier 10.1007/s00128-011-0394-9
Copyright notice © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
ISSN 0007-4861
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