Vehicle crash types and the ability of road safety simulation models to replicate them

Bahrololoom, S, Tay, R and Young, W 2014, 'Vehicle crash types and the ability of road safety simulation models to replicate them', in L. Wielinga (ed.) Proceedings of 26th ARRB Conference 2014, Sydney, Australia, 19-22 October 2014, pp. 1-16.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title Vehicle crash types and the ability of road safety simulation models to replicate them
Author(s) Bahrololoom, S
Tay, R
Young, W
Year 2014
Conference name 26th ARRB Conference 2014- Research driving efficiency
Conference location Sydney, Australia
Conference dates 19-22 October 2014
Proceedings title Proceedings of 26th ARRB Conference 2014
Editor(s) L. Wielinga
Publisher ARRB Group
Place of publication Australia
Start page 1
End page 16
Total pages 16
Abstract This paper reviews vehicle crash types in Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) to illustrate the various factors influencing crashes. It studies different categories of collisions, by the number of vehicles involved, in Victoria and the ACT to identify the trends and differences between them. Distinct patterns were observed for severity, crash type, road user movement, traffic control, road condition, environmental conditions and age of the drivers. It shows considerable difference in the character of single, two, and three and more vehicle crashes. Crash data does not enable the behavioural process involved in a crash to be explicitly studied. In order to look at this aspect in more detail, the paper also reviews road safety simulation models to replicate crash situations. The role of models of human behaviour, in relation to the road characteristics, is an area of considerable growth and development. The models were reviewed to highlight opportunities for further development of these models and increasing the understanding of the crash process.
Subjects Road Transportation and Freight Services
Copyright notice © ARRB Group Ltd and Authors 2014
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