3D digital headform models of Australian cyclists

Ellena, T, Skals, S, Subic, A, Mustafa El Bakri, H and Pang, T 2017, '3D digital headform models of Australian cyclists', Applied Ergonomics, vol. 59, pp. 11-18.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title 3D digital headform models of Australian cyclists
Author(s) Ellena, T
Skals, S
Subic, A
Mustafa El Bakri, H
Pang, T
Year 2017
Journal name Applied Ergonomics
Volume number 59
Start page 11
End page 18
Total pages 8
Publisher Pergamon Press
Abstract Traditional 1D anthropometric data have been the primary source of information used by ergonomists for the dimensioning of head and facial gear. Although these data are simple to use and understand, they only provide univariate measures of key dimensions. 3D anthropometric data, however, describe the complete shape characteristics of the head surface, but are complicated to interpret due to the abundance of information they contain. Consequently, current headform standards based on 1D measurements may not adequately represent the actual head shape variations of the intended user groups. The purpose of this study was to introduce a set of new digital headform models representative of the adult cyclists' community in Australia. Four models were generated based on an Australian 3D anthropometric database of head shapes and a modified hierarchical clustering algorithm. Considerable shape differences were identified between our models and the current headforms from the Australian standard. We conclude that the design of head and facial gear based on current standards might not be favorable for optimal fitting results.
Subject Mechanical Engineering not elsewhere classified
Biomechanics
Keyword(s) 3D anthropometric data
Digital headforms
3D scanning
Head dimensions
Clustering algorithm
Headgear design
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.08.031
Copyright notice © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 0003-6870
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