Anion effect on lithium electrodeposition from N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolytes

Basile, A, Bhatt, A and O'Mullane, A 2016, 'Anion effect on lithium electrodeposition from N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolytes', Electrochimica Acta, vol. 215, pp. 19-28.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Anion effect on lithium electrodeposition from N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide ionic liquid electrolytes
Author(s) Basile, A
Bhatt, A
O'Mullane, A
Year 2016
Journal name Electrochimica Acta
Volume number 215
Start page 19
End page 28
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract The electrodeposition of lithium metal from room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) electrolytes consisting of N-propyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (Pyr(13)[FSI]) with LiFSI, LiTFSI, LiBF4, LiPF6 or LiAsF6 salts onto Pt and Li electrodes was undertaken to identify mechanistic details. Cyclic voltammetry at both Pt and Li electrodes is complicated by the chemical reaction between fresh/electrodeposited Li metal and electrolyte to form a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI). As such, all electrolyte systems depict quasi-reversible cycling, owing to the concomitant chemical breakdown of the electrolyte and deposition of a passivation product onto the electrode surface. The rate at which the SEI forms can be observed through cyclic voltammetric scan rate studies. Chronoamperometry data supports the cyclic voltammetry studies and indicates that an instantaneous nucleation and growth type mechanism is taking place at all potentials as determined through modelling the current-time transients utilising the Hills-Scharifker theory. We show herein that these RTIL based electrolytes can be cycled effectively in an order of stability of salt inclusion as follows: LiBF4 > LiFSI > LiAsF6 > LiTFSI > LiPF6.
Subject Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) chronoamperometry
cyclic voltammetry
electrodeposition
nucleation and growth
room temperature ionic liquid
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.08.075
Copyright notice © 2016 Elsevier
ISSN 0013-4686
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