Associations of children's independent mobility and active travel with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and weight status: A systematic review

Schoeppe, S, Duncan, M, Badland, H, Oliver, M and Curtis, C 2013, 'Associations of children's independent mobility and active travel with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and weight status: A systematic review', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 312-319.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Associations of children's independent mobility and active travel with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and weight status: A systematic review
Author(s) Schoeppe, S
Duncan, M
Badland, H
Oliver, M
Curtis, C
Year 2013
Journal name Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume number 16
Issue number 4
Start page 312
End page 319
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Health benefits from children's independent mobility and active travel beyond school travel are largely unexplored. Objectives: This review synthesized the evidence for associations of independent mobility and active travel to various destinations with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and weight status. Design: Systematic review. Methods: A systematic search in six databases (PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, SportDiscus, PsychInfo, TRIS) for papers published between January 1990 and March 2012 was undertaken, focussing on children aged 3-18 years. Study inclusion and methodological quality were independently assessed by two reviewers. Results: 52 studies were included. Most studies focussed solely on active travel to and/or from school, and showed significant positive associations with physical activity. The same relationship was detected for active travel to leisure-related places and independent mobility with physical activity. An inverse relationship between active travel to school and weight status was evident but findings were inconsistent. Few studies examined correlations between active travel to school and self-reported screen-time or objectively measured sedentary behaviour, and findings were unclear. Conclusions: Studies on independent mobility suggested that children who have the freedom to play outdoors and travel actively without adult supervision accumulate more physical activity than those who do not. Further investigation of children's active travel to leisure-related destinations, measurement of diverse sedentary behaviour beyond simply screen-based activities, and consistent thresholds for objectively measured sedentary behaviour in children wilL clarify the inconsistent evidence base on associations of active travel with sedentary behaviour and weight status.
Subject Urban Design
Keyword(s) Active travel
Children
Independent mobility
Physical activity
Sedentary behaviour
Weight status
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.jsams.2012.11.001
Copyright notice © 2012 Sports Medicine Australia
ISSN 1440-2440
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 134 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 72 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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