An overview of effect of process parameters on hydrothermal carbonization of biomass

Nizamuddin, S, Baloch, H, Griffin, G, Mubarak, N, Bhutto, A, Abro, R, Mazari, S and Ali, B 2017, 'An overview of effect of process parameters on hydrothermal carbonization of biomass', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 73, pp. 1289-1299.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title An overview of effect of process parameters on hydrothermal carbonization of biomass
Author(s) Nizamuddin, S
Baloch, H
Griffin, G
Mubarak, N
Bhutto, A
Abro, R
Mazari, S
Ali, B
Year 2017
Journal name Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume number 73
Start page 1289
End page 1299
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract The preceding decades witnessed hydrothermal processes being actively utilized all over the world, specifically in the developed zones. Their optimum usage is primarily sought for in terms of conversion of biomass into valuable solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Indeed, Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is an effective and environment friendly technique; it possesses extensive potential towards producing high-energy density solid fuels. However, the production and quality of solid fuels from HTC depends upon several parameters; temperature, feed type, residence time, pressure and catalyst being the eminent ones. This study investigates the influence of operating parameters on solid fuel production during HTC. The biomass quality has also been analyzed in HTC by extending existing literature work through experiments that have been performed. Data including chemical composition, heating value, proximate analysis and ultimate analysis for different types of biomass was consequently collected and analyzed. It was found that reaction temperature, residence time and type of feed material are the primary factors that influence the HTC process. At higher temperatures, lower solid product is obtained; the carbon content increases, whilst the hydrogen and oxygen content decrease. Further, it has been found that higher lignin content in biomass leads to an increased solid fuel production.
Subject Non-automotive Combustion and Fuel Engineering (incl. Alternative/Renewable Fuels)
Keyword(s) Catalyst
High-energy solid fuel
Hydrothermal carbonization
Process parameters
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.rser.2016.12.122
Copyright notice © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN 1364-0321
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 57 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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