A GNSS Integrity Augmentation System for Ground Vehicle Operations

Bijjahalli, S, Ramasamy, S and Sabatini, R 2017, 'A GNSS Integrity Augmentation System for Ground Vehicle Operations', Energy Procedia, vol. 110, pp. 149-155.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

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Title A GNSS Integrity Augmentation System for Ground Vehicle Operations
Author(s) Bijjahalli, S
Ramasamy, S
Sabatini, R
Year 2017
Journal name Energy Procedia
Volume number 110
Start page 149
End page 155
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract The employment of GNSS for the navigation of autonomous ground vehicles has so far been applied to mining operations in Australia. Autonomous systems enable the development of navigation strategies such as global path-planning and path optimization for vehicle fleets, thereby lowering overall carbon emissions. Furthermore, autonomous ground vehicle operations can significantly improve safety ratings by eliminating human error arising from stress, fatigue and boredom. Widespread use of GNSS-based autonomous vehicles for ground operations is presently hindered by stringent safety regulations. This places strict integrity requirements on GNSS receivers, which must be able to detect GNSS signal errors and faults, and alert the navigation system in a timely manner. An integrity augmentation system is presented in this paper that can detect GNSS error sources and faults, and alert the navigation system of an autonomous ground vehicle in a timely manner. The system is developed by modelling GNSS error sources like antenna masking, signal attenuation and multipath and assigning threshold values for generating integrity alerts. The performance of the system in terms of GNSS fault detection is validated through a realistic simulation in a 3-D virtual ground environment. Trajectories representing the paths followed by vehicles are generated using a dynamic model of a generic fourwheeled ground vehicle. The integrity augmentation system was demonstrated to successfully detect GNSS errors and respond by issuing predictive (caution flags) and reactive (warning flags) in a timely manner for a range of trajectories and maneuvers.
Subject Avionics
Aerospace Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) GNSS Integrity augmentation
Autonomous ground vehicle operations
Trajectory planning and optimization
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.120
Copyright notice © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN 1876-6102
Additional Notes Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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