Seeking convergence on the key concepts in 'no net loss' policy

Bull, J, Gordon, A, Watson, J and Maron, M 2016, 'Seeking convergence on the key concepts in 'no net loss' policy', Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 1686-1693.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Seeking convergence on the key concepts in 'no net loss' policy
Author(s) Bull, J
Gordon, A
Watson, J
Maron, M
Year 2016
Journal name Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume number 53
Issue number 6
Start page 1686
End page 1693
Total pages 8
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Abstract Biodiversity conservation policies incorporating a no net loss (NNL) principle are being implemented in many countries. However, there are linguistic and conceptual inconsistencies in the use of terms underlying these NNL policies. We identify inconsistencies that emerge in the usage of eight key terms and phrases associated with NNL policies: biodiversity, frames of reference (i.e. baselines, counterfactuals), no net loss, mitigation hierarchy, biodiversity offset, in-kind/out-of-kind, direct/indirect and multipliers. For each term, we make recommendations to support conceptual convergence, reduce ambiguity and improve clarity in communication and policy documentation. However, we also warn of the challenges in achieving convergence, especially given the linguistic inconsistencies in several of these key concepts among countries in which NNL policies are employed. Policy implications. The recommendations made in this article, on improving clarity and supporting convergence on key no net loss (NNL) concepts, should help eliminate ambiguity in policy documentation. This is crucial if policymakers are to design robust policies that are (i) transparent, (ii) translatable into practice in a consistent manner and (iii) sufficiently understood and supported by stakeholders to be effective in practice.
Subject Conservation and Biodiversity
Environment Policy
Keyword(s) biodiversity offset
compensation
conservation
counterfactual
frame of reference
mitigation hierarchy
multiplier
no net loss
policy terminology
DOI - identifier 10.1111/1365-2664.12726
Copyright notice © 2016 The Authors
ISSN 0021-8901
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 23 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 8 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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