A pilot study examining garment severance damage caused by a trained sharp-weapon user

Cowper, E, Mahoney, P, Godhania, K, Carr, D and Harrison, K 2017, 'A pilot study examining garment severance damage caused by a trained sharp-weapon user', Textile Research Journal, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 1287-1296.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A pilot study examining garment severance damage caused by a trained sharp-weapon user
Author(s) Cowper, E
Mahoney, P
Godhania, K
Carr, D
Harrison, K
Year 2017
Journal name Textile Research Journal
Volume number 87
Issue number 11
Start page 1287
End page 1296
Total pages 10
Publisher Sage Publications
Abstract The pilot study summarized in this paper aimed to raise awareness of a gap that exists in the forensic textile science literature about damage caused to clothing by trained sharp-weapon users. A male trained in the Filipino martial arts discipline of Eskrima performed attack techniques on a physical model of a male torso covered with a 97% cotton/3% elastane knitted T-shirt, that is, a garment commonly worn by males. Fabric severance appearance created by three different, but commonly available, knives was evaluated. High-speed video was used to capture each attack. After each attack the resulting damage to the garment was assessed. This pilot study highlighted differences in severances associated with weapon selection, that is, not all knives resulted in similar patterns of textile damage. In addition, a mixture of stab and slash severances were observed. The findings demonstrated the possible misinterpretation of textile damage under these circumstances compared to damage patterns reported in the existing forensic textile science literature for more commonly occurring knife attacks (i.e. stabbings).
Subject Manufacturing Engineering not elsewhere classified
Materials Engineering not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) knife
martial arts
simulant
T-shirt
textile damage
DOI - identifier 10.1177/0040517516651107
Copyright notice © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.
ISSN 0040-5175
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