A novel framework for owner driven reconstruction projects to enhance disaster resilience in the long term

Vahanvati, M 2018, 'A novel framework for owner driven reconstruction projects to enhance disaster resilience in the long term', Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, vol. 27, pp. 421-446.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title A novel framework for owner driven reconstruction projects to enhance disaster resilience in the long term
Author(s) Vahanvati, M
Year 2018
Journal name Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal
Volume number 27
Start page 421
End page 446
Total pages 26
Publisher Emerald Publishing Limited
Abstract Purpose Post-disaster reconstruction poses a double-edged sword to its implementers as it demands addressing survivors' need for speed as well as meeting the growing expectation to trigger resilience. While an owner-driven housing reconstruction (ODHR), inter-disciplinary and long-term approach has been promoted internationally; however, there is limited research focussed on the long-term impacts (>10 years after a disaster) of ODHR. Furthermore, there is no one accepted framework for practitioners to guide through the process of ODHR projects to carve pathways for disaster resilience. The purpose of this paper is to assimilate findingscontingent and generalisableinto a novel framework for future change in practice. Design/methodology/approach This paper deployed a mixed methods methodology with a comparative case study research method. Two case study projects were from the Indian state of Gujarat, 13 years after the 2001 earthquake and the other two from Bihar, 6 years since the 2008 Kosi river floods. Due to multi-disciplinary nature of research, empirical data collection relied on a mix of social sciences methods including 80 semi-structured interviews, and architectural research methods including the visual analysis of photographs and sketches. Three sample groups of agency members, beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries were purposively selected. Thematic content analysis was used for the data analysis. Findings The paper provides empirical insights on how ODHR projects in Indian states of Gujarat and Bihar succeeded at enhancing disaster resilience of communities. It suggests that the civil society organisations acted as enablers at four stages: envisioning strategically based on systemic understanding, building soft assets including community trust and dignity for social mobilisation prior to, proposing minor modifications to construction technology for its multi-hazard safety as well as cultural relevance, and sustaining capacity building efforts beyond recon
Subject Building Construction Management and Project Planning
Built Environment and Design not elsewhere classified
Rural Sociology
Keyword(s) Capacity building
Post-disaster reconstruction
Project management
Disaster resilience
Owner-driven reconstruction
DOI - identifier 10.1108/DPM-11-2017-0285
Copyright notice © Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN 0965-3562
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