A Brain-Computer Interface to a Plan-based Narrative

Gilroy, S, Porteous, J, Charles, F, Cavazza, M, Soreq, E, Raz, G, Ikar, L, Or-Borichov, A, Ben-Arie, U, Klovatch, I and Hendler, T 2013, 'A Brain-Computer Interface to a Plan-based Narrative', in Francesca Rossi (ed.) Proceedings of the 23rd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2013), Beijing, China, 3-9 August 2013, pp. 1997-2005.

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title A Brain-Computer Interface to a Plan-based Narrative
Author(s) Gilroy, S
Porteous, J
Charles, F
Cavazza, M
Soreq, E
Raz, G
Ikar, L
Or-Borichov, A
Ben-Arie, U
Klovatch, I
Hendler, T
Year 2013
Conference name IJCAI 2013
Conference location Beijing, China
Conference dates 3-9 August 2013
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 23rd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2013)
Editor(s) Francesca Rossi
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery
Place of publication New York, United States
Start page 1997
End page 2005
Total pages 9
Abstract Interactive Narrative is a form of digital entertainment heavily based on AI techniques to support narrative generation and user interaction, significant progress arriving with the adoption of planning techniques. However, there is a lack of unified models that integrate generation, user responses and interaction. This paper addresses this by revisiting existing Interactive Narrative paradigms, granting explicit status to users' disposition towards story characters as part of narrative generation as well as adding support for new forms of interaction. We demonstrate this with a novel Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) design, incorporating empathy for a main character derived from brain signals within filmic conceptions of narrative which drives generation using planning techniques. Results from an experimental study with a fully implemented system demonstrate the effectiveness of a EEG neurofeedback-based approach, showing that subjects can successfully modulate empathic support of a character in a medical drama. MRI analysis also shows activations in associated regions of the brain during expression of support.
Subjects Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing not elsewhere classified
Copyright notice Copyright © 2013 International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence, All rights reserved.
ISBN 9781577356332
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