Association of family environment with children's television viewing and with low level of physical activity

Salmon, J, Timperio, A, Telford, A, Carver, A and Crawford, D 2005, 'Association of family environment with children's television viewing and with low level of physical activity', Obesity, vol. 13, pp. 1939-1951.


Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Association of family environment with children's television viewing and with low level of physical activity
Author(s) Salmon, J
Timperio, A
Telford, A
Carver, A
Crawford, D
Year 2005
Journal name Obesity
Volume number 13
Start page 1939
End page 1951
Total pages 13
Publisher North American Association for the Study of Obesity
Abstract This study examined associations between the family environment and children's television (TV) viewing and likelihood of being low-active. Research Methods and Procedures: In 2001, children were recruited from 19 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia. Parents completed a questionnaire about their child's TV viewing and the family environment. Children also completed a questionnaire and wore an accelerometer for 8 days. Movement counts were used to identify low-active children (lowest quartile). Data were analyzed in May 2004. Results: The sample consisted of 878 children (mean age = 11.5 0.6 yrs). Multiple logistic regression revealed that socioeconomic status [adjusted odds ratios (AOR) = 0.4 boys], frequency families watched TV together (AOR = 2.0 boys), mothers' (AOR = 1.8 boys; AOR = 2.5 girls) and fathers' (AOR = 2.6 boys; AOR = 2.8 girls) TV viewing, and rules prohibiting TV during mealtimes (AOR = 0.6 boys; AOR = 0.6 girls) related to children watching TV 2 h/d. Variables associated with low-level physical activity included self-reported enjoyment of Internet use (AOR = 1.7 boys) and preference for watching TV (AOR = 2.3 girls), perception that mother uses computer a lot (AOR = 1.9 boys) and likes using the computer (AOR = 0.6 girls), fathers' reported computer/electronic games use (AOR = 1.7 girls), frequency families used computer together (AOR = 0.4 girls), rules that TV viewing must be supervised (AOR = 1.9 boys; AOR = 0.6 girls), and having pay TV (AOR = 0.6 boys) and electronic games at home (AOR = 2.6 boys). Discussion: These findings suggest that the relationships between the family environment and TV viewing and low-level activity are complex and that these behaviors are distinct.
Subject Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) accelerometer
social ecological models
sedentary behavior
computer use
electronic games
ISSN 1930-7381
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