Measuring the Social Impact of Maker Initiatives. Frameworks and Guidelines for Scaling the Assessment on Digital Platforms

Menichinelli, M and Schmidt, A 2019, 'Measuring the Social Impact of Maker Initiatives. Frameworks and Guidelines for Scaling the Assessment on Digital Platforms', in Benjamín Tejerina, Cristina Miranda de Almeida &Ignacia Perugorría (ed.) Conference Proceedings: Sharing Society -The Impact of Collaborative Collective Actions in the Transformation of Contemporary Societies., Bilbao, Spain, 23-24 May 2019, pp. 526-537.


Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Conference Papers

Title Measuring the Social Impact of Maker Initiatives. Frameworks and Guidelines for Scaling the Assessment on Digital Platforms
Author(s) Menichinelli, M
Schmidt, A
Year 2019
Conference name International Conference Sharing Society
Conference location Bilbao, Spain
Conference dates 23-24 May 2019
Proceedings title Conference Proceedings: Sharing Society -The Impact of Collaborative Collective Actions in the Transformation of Contemporary Societies.
Editor(s) Benjamín Tejerina, Cristina Miranda de Almeida &Ignacia Perugorría
Publisher Universidad del País Vasco/ Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Place of publication Leoia
Start page 526
End page 537
Total pages 12
Abstract The democratization of technology, education, content and community building brought by Fab Labs and other Maker laboratories increases the possibilities for designers to acquire more technological and practical skills, for makers to evolve their design attitude and capabilities, and for amateurs to acquire both technological and design skills. In this way, Open & Distributed Making and Design initiatives create collaborative collective actions: distributed among several actors, several approaches, several locations and laboratories. The Maker Movement is often based on community-based initiatives that can be found on three levels: 1) a global community local events like Maker Faires and laboratories like Fab Labs with a complex social structure; 2) local communities that form in and around local laboratories such as Fab Labs; 3) the communities that form around the development of projects, especially the ones that are shared with open source digital tools openly as Open Design. Furthermore, the ability of this phenomenon of bridging the local and digital dimensions constitute a reason for identifying such movement as a clear example of digital social innovation: people, projects and organizations that use digital technology to tackle social and environmental challenges with a leading focus on social or environmental impact over financial return and a dedication to openness, collaboration and citizen empowerment. What is the social impact of Maker initiatives? How can we assess their value in terms of collaborative action and social innovation? Understanding their impact would help them in their awareness, communication and management towards sharing societies. We evaluated an existing dataset of 69 Social Impact Assessment (SIA) frameworks in order to understand how they can be applied and to which kind of initiatives. After this evaluation, we elaborated directions for future work towards compiling such framework into a composite index that the common elements of
Subjects Entrepreneurship
Social and Community Informatics
Design Innovation
Keyword(s) maker movement
digital social innovation
social entrepreneurship
distributed design
design for social innovation
social impact assessment
Copyright notice © Servicio Editorial de la Universidad del País Vasco
ISBN 9788490826782
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