Anisakis Nematodes in Fish and Shellfish- from infection to allergies

Aibinu, I, Smooker, P and Lopata, A 2019, 'Anisakis Nematodes in Fish and Shellfish- from infection to allergies', International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, vol. 9, pp. 384-393.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Anisakis Nematodes in Fish and Shellfish- from infection to allergies
Author(s) Aibinu, I
Smooker, P
Lopata, A
Year 2019
Journal name International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
Volume number 9
Start page 384
End page 393
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Anisakidosis is a zoonotic parasitosis induced by members of the family Anisakidae. The anisakid genera includes Anisakis, Pseudoterranova, Hysterothylacium and Contracaecum. The final definitive hosts of these nematodes are marine mammals with a complex life cycle. These nematode parasites use different crustaceans and fish species as intermediate or paratenic hosts and humans are accidental hosts. Human anisakiasis, the infections caused by members of the genus Anisakis, occurs, when seafoods, particularly fish, contaminated with the infective stage (third stage larvae [L3]) of this parasite, are consumed. Pseudoterranovosis, on the other hand is induced by members of the genus Pseudoterranova. These two genera of anisakids have been implicated in human disease globally. There is a rise in reports of gastro-intestinal infections accompanied by allergic reactions caused by Anisakis simplex and Anisakis pegreffii. This review provides an update on current knowledge on Anisakis as a food-borne parasite with special focus on the increasingly reported diversity of fish and crustacean hosts, allergens and immunological cross-reactivity with invertebrate proteins rendering this parasite a significant public health issue.
Subject Allergy
Host-Parasite Interactions
Immunology not elsewhere classified
Keyword(s) Anisakiasis
Anisakis allergy
Crustacean hosts
Fish hosts
Food-borne parasite
DOI - identifier 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.04.007
Copyright notice © 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Australian Society for Parasitology. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
ISSN 2213-2244
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