Assessing And Strengthening Community Capacity Building In Urban Biodiversity Conservation Programs

Mumaw, L, Maller, C and Bekessy, S 2019, 'Assessing And Strengthening Community Capacity Building In Urban Biodiversity Conservation Programs', Cities and the Environment (CATE), vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1-24.

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Journal Articles

Title Assessing And Strengthening Community Capacity Building In Urban Biodiversity Conservation Programs
Author(s) Mumaw, L
Maller, C
Bekessy, S
Year 2019
Journal name Cities and the Environment (CATE)
Volume number 12
Issue number 2
Start page 1
End page 24
Total pages 24
Publisher Loyola Marymount University
Abstract Conserving native biodiversity in cities involves addressing social and ecological factors that contribute to the persistence of species. Multiple activities and programs are needed, with the participation of land managers across private and public realms; from householders to state and local governments. There are few planning and assessment tools that assist practitioners, at the scale of local governments and in the context of urban ecosystems, to consider and address inter-related human and ecological issues. We present a systems-based framework, drawn from diverse literature, for assessing conservation programs (before, during, or after implementation) on the basis of having social and ecological features that strengthen a communitys capacity to achieve conservation and human wellbeing outcomes. The framework can assist consideration of a programs impact on the communitys social and ecological resources, the linkages between them, and how these might be strengthened to better achieve desired social and ecological goals. To illustrate its use we apply the framework to data from an urban wildlife gardening program in Melbourne, Australia. Using the framework highlights where the program strengthened the communitys social and ecological resources for undertaking conservation, and their deployment in conservation activities. It also helps to identify potential future actions, in this case fostering community-local government program codesign, setting ecological targets for coordinated private and public land management, and dovetailing with the municipalitys community strengthening programs. Community capacity building frameworks can highlight aspects of urban conservation programs that are currently underappreciated, including modes of community involvement, and their social as well as ecological benefits.
Subject Wildlife and Habitat Management
Urban Design
Social and Cultural Geography
Keyword(s) urban nature conservation
social-ecological framework
conservation planning
conservation management
urban greening
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ISSN 1932-7048
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